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About Asthma

Lung Anatomy Chart

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a long-term lung disease with swelling and narrowing of the airway. Asthma cannot be cured, but can be controlled with proper care.
  • The airways are tubes that carry air into and out of your lungs.
  • People who have asthma have inflamed and sensitive airways.
  • Inflamed airways tend to be very sensitive, and more reactive.
  • When the airways react, the muscles around them tighten.
  • The swelling gets worse too, making the airways even more narrow.
  • Cells in the airways might make more mucus than usual.
  • Mucus is a sticky, thick liquid that can further narrow the airways.
  • The narrowing of the airways causes less air to flow into the lungs.
Asthma symptoms are results of this chain reaction. Symptoms can happen each time the airways are inflamed.

Common Signs and Symptoms

  • Coughing, often worse at night or early in the morning
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Short of breathing
Having these symptoms doesn't always mean that you have asthma. Not all people with asthma have these symptoms

Common Asthma Triggers

  • Mold
  • Pets
  • Dust
  • Smoke
  • Grass
  • Weeds
  • Cockroaches
  • Chemical Odors